Almanac: The World’s Treasures

There may be lost pirate treasure buried in the coves of the Caribbean Islands. There may be golden rocks under the tall buildings. There may be materials left undiscovered during the ancient times. There are certainly lost treasures of gold and jewels aboard early Spanish sailing ships that descended at sea. But not all the precious materials are lost. The earth is full of found treasures.

Bauxite: Guinea in Africa is rich with Bauxite. Bauxite is an aluminum-rich ore that is used for aluminum production and elements, chemicals or cements.

Cashews: These delicious nuts grow on trees in Mozambique, a country in southeast Africa. Cashew nuts are kidney-shaped seeds that adhere to the bottom of the cashew apple, which is inhabitant to the coastal areas of northeastern Brazil. Cashews are always sold shelled because the interior of the shells contains a caustic resin or cashew balm, which must be removed cautiously before the nuts are fit for depletion. Caustic resin is used in industry to make varnishes and insecticides.

Chewing Gum: In Central America, the source of chicle, which is the chew in chewing gum, is the sapodilla tree. Chewing gum is a soft, cohesive substance intended for chewing but not swallowing.

Chocolate: Caribbean islands are rich in seeds of the cacao tree, which is used to make chocolate. Chocolate has become one of the most popular food types and flavors in the world, and a huge number of food consisting of chocolate have been created.

Chromium: This metal is used to make stainless steel. It is found in Zimbabwe, Africa. Chromium is a steely-gray, glossy, firm and fragile metal which takes high polish, resists oxidizing, and has a high melting point.

Copper: One of the richest “copper belts” in the world is in Zambia, Africa. Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu and atomic number 29. It is a flexible metal with a very high thermal and electrical conductivity.

Cork: Cork is a great use in making bulletin boards and stoppers in wine bottles. Cork is the bark of the cork oak tree in Spain. Cork is an impermeable, floatable material, a prime-subset of bark tissue that is reaped for commercial use primarily from Quercus suber, which is endemic to southwest Europe and northwest Africa.

Diamonds: Namibia, Africa, supplies the most valuable diamonds of the 18 countries in southern Africa rich with diamonds. The most popular form of jewelry is the Diamond. It is often associated with brilliance.

Emeralds: Colombia produces the most emeralds in any country in South America. Emeralds are fascinating gemstones. These are the most beautiful, most intense and most radiant green material found on Earth.

Gold: The world’s largest gold mine is in Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Gold, in its purest form, is a bright, with a slight reddish yellow, compact, soft, and pliable metal.

Mahogany: The trees that supply this beautiful wood grow in Central America. Mahogany is a kind of wood which has a straight-grained, reddish-brown timber of three humid hardwood species of the genus Swietenia.

Nitrates: This mineral used to preserve foods is found in the desert of Chile. Processed meats like bacon, ham, sausages and hotdogs have nitrates. These are preservatives in averting the growth of dangerous bacteria.

Perfume: The use of flowers in France is for the production of perfume. It is taken out from the flowers’ oil. Perfume is a mixture of fragrant essential oils or scent fusions, fixatives and solvents used to give the human body, animals, food, objects, and living spaces a pleasant scent.

Seaweed: Seaweed is collected to eat or to flavor foods in the coast of Japan. Seaweed is a macroscopic, multi cellular, marine algae that lives close to the seabed. It contains some of the red, brown, and green algae. Phycology is the study of seaweed.

Sugar: Sugarcane is grown in many countries in Central America and the Caribbean Islands. The generalized name for sweet, short-chain, soluble carbohydrates are sugar which is used in food.

Vanilla: There wouldn’t be vanilla ice cream without the vanilla bean. In Madagascar, more than half the world’s vanilla is grown.

Wool: Most of the world’s wool is supplied by the sheep of Australia. Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and certain other animals, comprising of goats’ cashmere, mohair, qiviut from muskoxen, angora from rabbits, and sorts of wool from camelids.

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